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Title:  Insoluble insulin compositions

United States Patent:  6,465,426

Issued:  October 15, 2002

Inventors:  Brader; Mark Laurence (Indianapolis, IN)

Assignee:  Eli Lilly and Company (Indianapolis, IN)

Appl. No.:  761903

Filed:  January 17, 2001

Abstract

The present invention relates to insoluble compositions containing acylated proteins selected from the group consisting of acylated insulin, acylated insulin analog, and acylated proinsulin, and formulations thereof. The formulations are suitable for parenteral delivery or other means of delivery, to a patient for extended control of blood glucose levels. More particularly, the present invention relates to compositions comprised of an acylated protein complexed with zinc, protamine, and a phenolic compound such that the resulting microcrystal is analogous to the neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin crystal form. Surprisingly, it has been discovered that compositions of such acylated proteins have therapeutically superior subcutaneous release pharmacokinetics, and more extended and flatter glucodynamics, than presently available commercial preparations of NPH insulin. Yet, the present crystals retain certain advantageous properties of NPH crystals, being readily able to be resuspended and also mixable with soluble insulins.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

I have unexpectedly observed that when insulin is made less soluble by derivatizing one or more of its reactive side groups, the derivatized insulin can be incorporated into NPH-like crystals with protamine. When the derivatized protein is precipitated or crystallized, the rate at which the insulin derivative dissolves from the solid form is greatly reduced compared with the rate at which similar solid forms comprised of un-derivatized protein dissolve. I have furthermore discovered that crystals of derivatized proteins provide flatter and longer time action than do crystals comprised of un-derivatized protein. Additionally, I have surprisingly discovered that the benefits of flatter and longer time action can be obtained even from amorphous precipitates comprising derivatized protein.

Accordingly, in its broadest aspect, the present invention provides insoluble compositions comprising a derivatized protein selected from the group consisting of insulin derivatives, insulin analog derivatives, and proinsulin derivatives, wherein the derivatives are less soluble than the underivatized insulin, insulin analog, or proinsulin. The insoluble compositions also are comprised of a complexing compound, a hexamer-stabilizing compound, and a divalent metal cation. These insoluble compositions are useful for treating diabetes and hyperglycemia, and provide the advantages of having flatter and longer time action than NPH insulin. Furthermore, they are mixable in a formulation with soluble protein and with soluble derivatized protein. The insoluble compositions of the present invention are in the form of amorphous precipitates, and also more preferably, in the form of microcrystals.

More specifically, the present invention provides microcrystalline forms of fatty acid-acylated proteins that are useful for treating diabetes and hyperglycemia. These microcrystals comprise a fatty acid-acylated protein selected from the group consisting of fatty acid-acylated insulin, fatty acid-acylated insulin analog, and fatty acid-acylated proinsulin, protamine, a phenolic preservative, and zinc. Such microcrystals will provide both flatter and longer time action than NPH insulin, and are mixable with soluble proteins and soluble derivatized proteins.

The invention provides aqueous suspension formulations comprising the insoluble composition and an aqueous solvent. Such suspension formulations may contain, optionally, a soluble protein, such as human insulin, or a soluble analog of human insulin, such as a monomeric insulin analog, that control blood glucose immediately following a meal. The microcrystalline formulations of fatty acid-acylated insulins have superior pharmacodynamics compared with human insulin NPH. The present invention is distinct from previous fatty acid-acylated insulin technology in that the extension of time action of the present invention does not rely necessarily on albumin-binding, though albumin binding may further protract the time action of certain of the compositions of the present invention.

The invention also pertains to a process for preparing the insoluble compositions, and a method of treating diabetes or hyperglycemia comprising administering a formulation containing an insoluble composition to a patient in need thereof in a quantity sufficient to regulate blood glucose levels in the patient.

Also part of the present invention are amorphous precipitates, comprising, in their broadest aspect, a derivatized protein selected from the group consisting of derivatized insulin, derivatized insulin analog, and derivatized proinsulin, protamine, a phenolic preservative, and zinc, wherein the derivatized protein is less soluble than the underivatized protein.

Claim 1 of 53 Claims

I claim:

1. A suspension formulation comprising an insoluble phase and a solution phase, wherein the insoluble phase is a pharmaceutically-active microcrystal comprising (a) a derivative protein selected from the group consisting of derivatized insulin, derivatized insulin analogs, and derivatized proinsulins; (b) a completing compound; (c) a hexamer-stabilizing compound; and (d) a divalent metal cation.

 


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