Internet for Pharmaceutical and Biotech Communities
| Newsletter | Advertising |
 
 
 

  

Pharm/Biotech
Resources

Outsourcing Guide

Cont. Education

Software/Reports

Training Courses

Web Seminars

Jobs

Buyer's Guide

Home Page

Pharm Patents /
Licensing

Pharm News

Federal Register

Pharm Stocks

FDA Links

FDA Warning Letters

FDA Doc/cGMP

Pharm/Biotech Events

Consultants

Advertiser Info

Newsletter Subscription

Web Links

Suggestions

Site Map
 

 
   



 

Title:  Methods and compositions for treating vascular dementia
United States Patent: 
7,078,202
Issued: 
July 18, 2006

Inventors: 
Cheung; Ling Yuk (Hong Kong, HK)
Assignee: 
Ultra Biotech Limited (Douglas, GB)
Appl. No.: 
717136
Filed: 
November 18, 2003


 

Web Seminars -- Pharm/Biotech/etc.


Abstract

Compositions comprising a plurality of yeast cells, wherein said plurality of yeast cells have been cultured in the presence of an alternating electric field having a specific frequency and a specific field strength for a period of time sufficient to increase the capability of said plurality of yeast cells to treat vascular dementia in a mammal. Also included are methods of making such compositions and methods of treating vascular dementia.

Description of the Invention

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to compositions that treat vascular dementia and can be taken as dietary supplements or medication. The compositions comprise yeast cells obtainable by growth in electromagnetic fields with specific frequencies and field strengths.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Vascular Dementia (VaD) is defined as the loss of cognitive function resulting from ischemic, ischemic-hypoxic, or hemorrhagic brain lesions as a result of cardiovascular diseases and cardiovascular pathologic changes. See, e.g., G. C. Roman, Med. Clin. North. Am., 86, pp. 477-99 (2002). VaD is a chronic disorder and the symptoms of VaD include cognitive loss, headaches, insomnia and memory loss. VaD may be caused by multiple strokes (MID or poststroke dementia) but also by single strategic strokes, multiple lacunes, and hypoperfusive lesions such as border zone infarcts and ischemic periventricular leukoencephalopathy (Binswanger's disease). See, G. C. Roman, supra. In Asian countries such as China, Japan and Korea, VaD is observed in over 60% of patients with dementia. Primary and secondary prevention of stroke and cardiovascular disease decreases the burden of VaD.

Treatment of VaD involves control of risk factors (i.e., hypertension, diabetes, smoking, hyperfibrinogenemia, hyperhomocystinemia, orthostatic hypotension, cardiac arrhythmias). See, G. C. Roman, supra. Researchers have also investigated whether hormone replacement therapy and estrogen replacement therapy could delay the onset of dementia in women. See, E. Hogervorst et al., Cochrane Database Syst. Rev., 3, CD003799 (2002). Although there has been evidence that aspirin is widely prescribed for VaD, there is very limited evidence that aspirin is effective in treating patients with VaD. See, P. S. Williams et al., Cochrane Database Syst. Rev., 2, CD001296 (2000). Nimodipine has been implicated as a drug demonstrating short-term benefits in VaD patients, but has not been justified as a long-term anti-dementia drug. See, J. M. Lopez-Arrieta and J. Birks, Cochrane Database Syst. Rev., 3, CD000147 (2002). Further, clinical efficacy data of piracetam does not support the use of this drug in the treatment of dementia or cognitive impairment. L. Flicker and G. Grimley Evans, Cochrane Database Syst. Rev., 2, CD001011 (2001). Thus, an agent that is effective in treating VaD is highly desired in the market.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This invention is based on the discovery that certain yeast cells can be activated by electromagnetic fields having specific frequencies and field strengths to produce substances that assist in treating vascular dementia. The composition of this invention can be taken as dietary supplements in the form of health drinks or pills.

This invention embraces a composition comprising a plurality of yeast cells that have been cultured in the presence of an alternating electric field having a frequency in the range of about 10280 to 13000 MHz and a field strength in the range of about 200 to 500 mV/cm, as compared to yeast cells not having been so cultured. In one embodiment, the frequency of the culturing is in the range of about 10280 to 10400 MHz, 12320 to 12380 MHz or 12950 to 13000 MHz. In one embodiment, the field strength is in the range of about 200 to 400 mV/cm. The yeast cells are cultured in the alternating electric field for a period of time sufficient to increase the capability of said plurality of yeast cells to improve the memory of a mammal with vascular dementia, as compared to unactivated yeast cells. Preferably, the mammal is human. In one embodiment, the vascular dementia was induced by cerebral ischemia. In another embodiment, the vascular dementia was induced by blockage of the middle cerebral artery. In one embodiment, the frequency and/or the field strength of the alternating electric field can be altered within the aforementioned ranges during said period of time. In other words, the yeast cells can be exposed to a series of electromagnetic fields. An exemplary period of time is about 80-140 hours.

Also included in this invention is a composition comprising a plurality of yeast cells that have been cultured under acidic conditions in an alternating electric field having a frequency in the range of about 12950-13000 MHz and a field strength in the range of about 240 to 460 mV/cm (e.g., 240-260, 320-350, 360-390 or 420-460 mV/cm). In one embodiment, the yeast cells are exposed to a series of electromagnetic fields. An exemplary period of time is about 80-190 hours.

Included in this invention are also methods of making the above compositions and methods of treating vascular dementia.

Yeast cells that can be included in this composition can all be derived from the China General Microbiological Culture Collection Center ("CGMCC") (China Committee for Culture Collection of Microorganisms, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Haidian, P.O. BOX 2714, Beijing, 100080, China). Useful yeast species include, but are not limited to, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Saccharomyces sake, Saccharomyces uvarum, Saccharomyces rouxii, Saccharomyces carlsbergensis, Rhodotorula aurantiaca and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. For instance, the yeast cells can be of the strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hansen IFF11340. In another embodiment, the yeast cells are from the strains selected from the group consisting of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hansen AS 2.501, AS2.502, AS2.503, AS2.504, AS2.535, AS2.558, AS2.560, AS2.561 and AS2.562. Other useful yeast species are illustrated in Table 1.

Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. Exemplary methods and materials are described below, although methods and materials similar or equivalent to those described herein can also be used in the practice or testing of the present invention. All publications and other references mentioned herein are incorporated by reference in their entirety. In case of conflict, the present specification, including definitions, will control. The materials, methods, and examples are illustrative only and not intended to be limiting. Throughout this specification and claims, the word "comprise," or variations such as "comprises" or "comprising" will be understood to imply the inclusion of a stated integer or group of integers but not the exclusion of any other integer or group of integers.

 


Claim 1 of 13 Claims

1. A composition comprising a plurality of yeast cells, wherein said plurality of yeast cells are characterized by an increase in their capability to improve the memory of a mammal with vascular dementia as a result of having been cultured in the presence of an alternating electric field having a frequency in the range of about 10280 to 13000 MHz and a field strength in the range of about 200 to 500 mV/cm as compared to yeast cells not having been so cultured.

____________________________________________
If you want to learn more about this patent, please go directly to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Web site to access the full patent.

 

 

     
[ Outsourcing Guide ] [ Cont. Education ] [ Software/Reports ] [ Training Courses ]
[ Web Seminars ] [ Jobs ] [ Consultants ] [ Buyer's Guide ] [ Advertiser Info ]

[ Home ] [ Pharm Patents / Licensing ] [ Pharm News ] [ Federal Register ]
[ Pharm Stocks ] [ FDA Links ] [ FDA Warning Letters ] [ FDA Doc/cGMP ]
[ Pharm/Biotech Events ] [ Newsletter Subscription ] [ Web Links ] [ Suggestions ]
[ Site Map ]