Internet for Pharmaceutical and Biotech Communities
| Newsletter | Advertising |
 
 
 

  

Pharm/Biotech
Resources

Outsourcing Guide

Cont. Education

Software/Reports

Training Courses

Web Seminars

Jobs

Buyer's Guide

Home Page

Pharm Patents /
Licensing

Pharm News

Federal Register

Pharm Stocks

FDA Links

FDA Warning Letters

FDA Doc/cGMP

Pharm/Biotech Events

Consultants

Advertiser Info

Newsletter Subscription

Web Links

Suggestions

Site Map
 

 
   

 

  Pharmaceutical Patents  

 

Title:  Methods for treatment of nocturia
United States Patent: 
8,071,763
Issued: 
December 6, 2011

Inventors: 
Araki; Tohru (Okayama, JP)
Assignee: 
Daiichi Sankyo Company, Limited (Tokyo, JP)
Appl. No.: 
12/387,510
Filed: 
May 4, 2009


 

Training Courses -- Pharm/Biotech/etc.


Abstract

A method for the treatment of nocturia which consists of administering to a mammal in need of such treatment a therapeutically effective amount of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug consisting of loxoprofen or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the mammal is a human who has a neurogenic bladder.

Description of the Invention

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of nocturia.

RELATED ART

Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are becoming a major health problem for elderly people worldwide. Nocturia a cause of insufficient sleep and thus impaired quality of life, is one of the main problems in LUTS along with urinary incontinence and difficulty in urination. The aetiology of nocturia is various and complex and obscure in many patients, although LUTS, insomnia, nocturnal polyuria due to cardiovascular or renal hypofunction and disorders of the central nervous system (CNS) may be among the causes (Resnick N. M., et al., Campbell's Urology, 7th edn, Vol. 2. Chapt 31. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1998: 1044-58).

The aetiology of nocturia is still obscure in many patients, even in those with BPH. In patients whose causes of nocturia are affirmable, such as those with LUTS, sleep disorder and nocturnal polyuria, nocturia may be improved by effective treatment of these primary causes. Anticholinergic drugs, hypnotics, antidiuretic hormone, Chinese herbal medicines and/or oestrogen for female patients are usually administered for nocturia in addition to treatments for their main diseases. However, in the inventor's experience, about one-half of such patients do not respond well to these medications.

As for effectiveness of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents for treatment of frequency of micturition, Al-Waili reported that in an open trial indomethacin 100 mg suppository improved nocturia in all 15 patients (Al-Waili, IRCS Med. Sci., 1986, 14, 322-323, 1986). In addition, Suzuki reported a patient whose nocturia was improved with indomethacin suppository administered as antipyretics, and added a brief comment that some orally administered NSAIDs are also effective in nocturia (Suzuki S., Acta Urol. Jpn., 43, 402, 1997)

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An object of the present invention is to provide a medicament which is effective for treatment of nocturia.

The inventor has surprisingly experienced that a patient who was being treated for BPH reported that his nocturia suddenly decreased from a usual of four voids to one void/night when he took a 60-mg tablet of loxoprofen sodium (loxoprofen) prescribed for his shoulder pain before sleeping. Based on the experience, the inventor conducted a non-randomized trial treatment with loxoprofen, a short-acting nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) prodrug usually prescribed at a dosage of 60 mg t.i.d. for the management of pain, in patients bothered by nocturia. As a result, the inventor found that loxoprofen was surprisingly effective for treatment of nocturia. The inventor also found that a class of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are also effective for treatment of nocturia. The invention was achieved on the basis of these findings.

The present invention thus provides a medicament for preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of nocturia, which comprises a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug as an active ingredient.

The present invention also provides a method for preventive and/or therapeutic treatment of nocturia, which comprises the step of administering to a mammal including a human in need of such treatment a preventively and/or therapeutically effective amount of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, and a use of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug for manufacture of the aforementioned medicament which comprises said nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug as an active ingredient.

Among a class of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, a class of phenylpropionic acid-type anti-inflammatory drugs are preferred, and loxoprofen is particularly preferred.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Kinds of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as an active ingredient of the medicament of the present invention are not particularly limited. Any nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug can be used alone or in combination as the active ingredient of the medicament of the present invention. The term "nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug" used herein means an anti-inflammatory drug which does not have a steroidal backbone structure, and the scope of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is readily apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art. Accordingly, the term should not be construed any limiting sense and should be understood in the broadest sense. In addition, the term "nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug" used herein encompasses a drug in a free form, as well as a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, a hydrate thereof, or a solvate thereof. Any stereoisomer such as an optical isomer or a diastereoisomer, or any mixture of the stereoisomer or a racemate of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug may be used. Any novel nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as well as any clinically available nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may be used as active ingredients of the medicament of the present invention. Preferred class of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs include phenylpropionic acid-type anti-inflammatory drugs.

Examples of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs include aspirin, lumiracoxib, etoricoxib, parecoxib, valdecoxib, tiracoxib, rofecoxib, celecoxib, darbufelone, dexketoprofen, aceclofenac, licofelone, bromfenac, pranoprofen, piroxicam, nimesulide, cizolirine, ketorolac, 3-formylamino-7-methylsulfonylamino-6-phenoxy-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one, ibuprofen, meloxicam, lornoxicam, d-indobufen, mofezolac, nabumetone, amtolmetin, droxicam, pranoprofen, ketoprofen, tolfenamic acid, fenoprofen, flurbiprofen, suprofen, oxaprozin, loxoprofen, tenoxicam, zaltoprofen, ibuprofen, alminoprofen, and tiaprofenic acid, and pharmacological salts thereof, hydrates thereof, and solvates thereof. However, the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are not limited to these examples. Among them, loxoprofen and a pharmacological salt thereof is preferred, and loxoprofen sodium is more preferred.

The medicament of the present invention may be administered orally or parenterally to a patient with nocturia. When a clinically available nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug is used as an active ingredient of the present invention, the available drug, per se, may be administered to a patient with nocturia as the medicament of the present invention. Alternatively, a pharmaceutical composition may be administered to a patient which comprises at least one nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug as the active ingredient together with at least one pharmaceutically acceptable additive. The pharmaceutical composition can be prepared by a method well known to those skilled in the art. Examples of the pharmaceutical compositions suitable for oral administrations include, for example, tablets, capsules, powders, subtilized granules, granules, liquids, syrups and the like. Examples of the pharmaceutical compositions suitable for parenteral administrations include, for example, injections, suppositories, inhalants, eye drops, nasal drops, ointments, creams, patches and the like.

The aforementioned pharmaceutical compositions may be prepared by the addition of pharmaceutically acceptable additives to the active ingredient. Examples of pharmaceutically acceptable additives include, for example, excipients, disintegrators and disintegrating aids, binders, lubricants, coating agents, colorants, diluents, base materials, dissolving agents and dissolving aids, isotonic agents, pH modifiers, stabilizers, propellants, adhesives and the like.

A dose of the medicaments of the present invention is not particularly limited, and the dose can suitably be selected depending on conditions such as, for example, route of administration, the age and body weight of a patient, symptoms, a purpose of preventive or therapeutic treatment and the like. For example, for oral administrations, the medicament of the present invention may be administered in a dose of from 0.1 to 1,000 mg per day, preferably 1 mg to 100 mg for an adult. The medicament of the present invention may be administered once or several times a day, and preferably, the medicament may be administered once before sleeping. For example, when loxoprofen is administered as the medicament of the present invention, a dose of 60 mg per day is preferred, and the dose may preferably be administered once before sleeping. However, the dose and mode of administration is not limited to the above example.
 

Claim 1 of 4 Claims

1. A method for the treatment of nocturia which consists of administering to a human having a neurogenic bladder a therapeutically effective amount of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug consisting of loxoprofen or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof.

____________________________________________
If you want to learn more about this patent, please go directly to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Web site to access the full patent.
 

 

     
[ Outsourcing Guide ] [ Cont. Education ] [ Software/Reports ] [ Training Courses ]
[ Web Seminars ] [ Jobs ] [ Consultants ] [ Buyer's Guide ] [ Advertiser Info ]

[ Home ] [ Pharm Patents / Licensing ] [ Pharm News ] [ Federal Register ]
[ Pharm Stocks ] [ FDA Links ] [ FDA Warning Letters ] [ FDA Doc/cGMP ]
[ Pharm/Biotech Events ] [ Newsletter Subscription ] [ Web Links ] [ Suggestions ]
[ Site Map ]